January 22, 2021

ivmodel: An R Package for Inference and Sensitivity Analysis of Instrumental Variables Models with One Endogenous Variable

By Hyunseung Kang, Yang Jiang, Qingyuan Zhao, and Dylan Small


We present a comprehensive R software ivmodel for analyzing instrumental variables with one endogenous variable. The package implements a general class of estimators called k- class estimators and two confidence intervals that are fully robust to weak instruments. The package also provides power formulas for various test statistics in instrumental variables. Finally, the package contains methods for sensitivity analysis to examine the sensitivity of the inference to instrumental variables assumptions. We demonstrate the software on the data set from Card (1995), looking at the causal effect of levels of education on log earnings where the instrument is based on proximity to college.

Applications and Case Studies Methodology